GODDESS in the Temples of Malta
The cult of "Magna Mater" is perhaps one of the oldest religions.
The "sleeping lady" or "sleeping goddess" (can be
seen in the National Museum of Archaeology www.heritagemalta.org
of Valletta) was found in one of the megalithic temples (build between
3.600 and 2.500 BC). It is the most famous scultpure of Malta...
The "Magna Mater" was the most
important goddess (she was the mother of all other gods) and responsible
for all things living and growing, all parts of the life cycle from
birth to death ...
Her figure is ultra-female, like we know
from "Venus from Willendorf" (found in Austria and was made
27.000 BC). around 1.600 BC the figure of the female goddess lost this
ultra-productive shilouette - and she was divided in different goddesses: Demeter (fruitfulness),
Aphrodite (love) - the power of "Magna Mother" deconstructed
in four goddesses....
Does this sculpture of two ladies, one
with a little child, represent Demeter and her daugther Persephone?
The clothes show the fashion of Crete and Mycene. The two women symbolise
the cycle of life: life (Demeter with the child) and death (Persephone
is the goddess of Hades and rebirth) ...
Many of such little figures (around 20 x
25 cm) were found in the temples of Malta. They represent the female
goddess "Magna Mater". No male gods were found...
Even without any record (no signs of man
in the temples) some archaeologists believe in the theory of the god
of the sun, who organises the life of the earth, which is represented
by the Magna Mater - without sun no life on the earth. The sun doesn´t
need any representation in the temples, because through his own light, the god sun is there...
Some archaelogists (for example Marija
Gimbuta 1921-1994) think, the opening of the temple represents the vulva
of Mater Magna, and the sun (the male god) enters the temple through
this opening ...
Ceremonies with the blood of animals for
celebrating fertility ...
Altar with the most important animals
for the ceremony ...
Altar in the temple of Tarxien with the
symbol of the cycle of life ...
The "Magna Mater" statue, found
in Tarxien, was around 3 meters high, and is one of the biggest sculptures
of this time worldwide. The people in the temple of Tarxien brought
their offerings (animals,...) to this statue of "Magna Mater". more culture >>>